Three Weeks Before the Olympics Begin, New Questions About Doping

July 22, 2008

The focus is on erythropoietin (EPO), a hormone naturally produced by the kidneys which regulates red blood cell production. When extra EPO is injected before a competition, it boosts performance by increasing the amount of red blood cells in an athlete’s body; those blood cells then carry more oxygen to the hard-working muscles. (Discover Magazine)

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